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District Profile
 
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LOCATION Between 26'.16'' and 27'.0' North and 88'.4' and 89'.53'' East longitude.
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ESTABLISHED 1869
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GEOGRAPHICAL AREA 6245 sq. km.
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AREA UNDER TEA GARDEN 1987 sq. km.
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AREA UNDER FOREST LAND 1790 sq. km.
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AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL 3160 mm.
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AVERAGE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE 30.9 degree celcius
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AVERAGE MINIMUM TEMPERATURE 10.8 degree celcius
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REALATIVE HUMIDITY 82%
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MAIN CROPS OTHER THAN TEA Rice & Jute
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MAJOR RIVERS Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka, Raidak, Sankosh

JALPAIGURI

The name Jalpaiguri came from the word "jalpai" means "olive" which grew in the town and were seen even in 1900. The suffix "guri" means a place. The name as well be associated with Jalpesh, the presiding deity (Shiva) of the entire region. The district situated in the northern part of West Bengal has international borders with Bhutan and Bagladesh in the North and South respectively and borders with Assam and Darjeeling hills in the East, West and Northwest. The entire topography is crisscrossed with rivulets, rivers and hills. The district is primarily rural with more than 80% of rural population. It has also high percentage of SC/ST population. Relatively sizeable population resides in Tea Gardens and Forest villages which are isolated and mostly inaccessible. The district is the gateway to the entire North-Eastern States and Bhutan. Having high percentage of migrated population different cultural groups (Ranjbanshi, Ravas, Totos, Metch, Santhals, Madasia and Oraons) have created a unique cultural harmony which is rarely seen in other districts of West Bengal.

The District experiences three seasons, namely Summer, Monsoons and Winter. Summers are tropical and quite hot with temperatures ranging in the mid-thirties. Monsoons are very severe with the town experiencing high amount of rainfall, sometimes stalling all life and activities. Winters are again quite severe and chilly, with the cold Himalayan winds blowing straight into the town. Temperatures are around 3 to 8 degrees Celsius during this period.

Health Facilty:

  • District Hospital                        :     1
  • Sub divisional Hospital           :     2
  • State General Hospital            :     1
  • Rural Hospital                           :     5
  • Block Primary Health Centre  :     8
  • No. of PHC                                 :     38
  • No. of Sub-Center                     :    537
  • No. of CDC                                 :   2

 

Population

Year                                       Population         Male                  Female                Density per sq. km
Population 2011                 38,69,675          19,80,068         18,89,607            621
Population 2001                 34,01,173          17,51,145         16,50,028            546

District Health Administrative Building, 1st Floor, Hospital Road, Jalpaiguri-735101: 91-3561-225380 / + 91-3561-232001. Central Fax: + 91-3561-232001
Concept By: Tapan Kumar Jana, DSM, Jalpaiguri
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